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pigeon pea botanical name

In China, the roots are used as a sedative, expectorant, anthelmintic and vulnerary. Plus she fertilize one time only. Pigeon peas, which have the scientific name of Cajanus cajan, are perennial legumes that belong to the Fabaceae family. Pigeon peas are rich in dietary fiber which is essential for maintaining the digestive health. Aside from being a plant that can maintain high concentrations of nitrogen in the soil, its penetrating roots are also used to loosen the soil. bicolor (DC.) Scientific name - Cajanus cajan Chromosome number: 2n=2x=22 Origin – India/ Africa Often cross pollinated crop Cultivar group : Cajanus cajan var. Riboflavin and Niacin enhance the carbohydrate metabolism, prevent in fat storage and boost energy levels. See Answer. pigeon pea; Other Scientific Names. bicolor (DC.) Malay kachang = bean or pea; also pigeon pea. Pigeon peas (Pois d'Angole) in Martinique, learn more about its history, its arrival in Martinique, its health benefits, the different varieties and its uses on the island. Alternate Names Alternate Common Names: pigeon pea, Angola pea, Congo pea, dhal, no-eye pea, gungo pea, and red gram . illeg. It grows as a vine or creeper, doing well in moist, neutral soil. Description (what it looks like): A legume, wood shrub or small tree, 1–4 m tall with a deep taproot to 2m. have a strong spicy odour. Scientific name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Cajanus Cajan is the botanical name for pigeon pea. Huth Pigeon pea Canan: (L) prop. Windbreaks; suitable as a shelterbelt around vegetable gardens. The leaves are trifoliate, alternately arranged, around the stem; leaflets are oblong, lanceolate, up to 10 cm long and 4 cm wide, pubescent; green color on top and grayish-green bottom Flowers are yellow, calyx up to 12 mm long and with five linear teeth. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… Top Answer. © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. The presence of dietary fiber keeps full for a long period of time, increase metabolism rate and reduces the possibilities of weight gain. Origin: Asia and Africa. These effects may attribute to pigeon pea contained large of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA; C18:2) and phytosterol (β-sitosterol, campesterol, and stigmasterol). Asked by Wiki User. Plant Description: A woody, leguminous shrub, to 3.6 m, with yellow and red flowers. Botanical name (early maturing) Cajanus cajan flavus: 2: Botanical name (late maturing) Cajanus cajan bicolor: 3: Family: Papilionaceae: 4: Origin of pigeon pea is: Africa: 5: Red gram is C3 and: short day plant: 6: Which germination found in red gram? The seeds are used as flour dried peas and green vegetable peas. The most striking feature about this plant is the color of its flowers, a vivid deep blue; solitary, with light yellow markings. Names of Pigeon Pea in various languages of the world are also given. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Cytisus cajan L. International Common Names 37 38 39. Pigeon pea 2. fr. Pigeon Pea. Fiber adds bulk to the stool and enhances the bowel movements by reducing the strain as well as inflammation. pigeon pea; Other Scientific Names. Read on to learn how you can grow it in your garden and benefit from it’s many uses. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY Pigeon peas are cultivated They are known by different monikers like toor dal or arhur in Hindi, red gram or thuvarai in India, or thuvaram paruppu in Tamil. The intake of single cup of pigeon peas provides about 110% of the daily recommended vitamins. “Pigeon Pea” – Origin of the Name. These effects may attribute to pigeon pea contained large of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA; C18:2) and phytosterol (β-sitosterol, campesterol, and stigmasterol). (7), Pigeon peas contain dietary fiber, potassium and low cholesterol which help to maintain the healthy heart. The flowers attract bees. The nutrients found in pigeon peas converts into the usable energy than to store as a fat. (1), Pigeon peas are also loaded with high protein content which is required for the growth and development. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Schinz & Guillaumin. In Java, the pulped leaves are used as a treatment for herpes, sores and itches. Pigeon peas (Pois d'Angole) in Martinique, learn more about its history, its arrival in Martinique, its health benefits, the different varieties and its uses on the island. Young stems are angled and pubescent. It … Those who suffer from hypertensionor should add pigeon peas to the daily diet because they are highly prone to the cardiovascular disease. Its flavor is pleasant and it contains an average of 18% to 25% protein, reaching as high as 32% protein content. It has deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. needs free-drainage. In the kitchen, the green peas can be used like standard peas, but have way more vitamin A and C. The way I mostly use it is as a dried pea. 231 Pigeonpea, Congo Bean, Dhal, Pigeon Pea, Tropical green pea, Yellow dhal, Gungo Pea, Pigeon Pea Bush, Red Gram Antonyms for pigeon pea. The mashed pigeon peas paste is used as a treatment for piles which is known as hemorrhoids. Hypogeal germination: 7: … INTRODUCTION Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan. Cajanus indicus Family: Fabaceae 3. Green pigeon pea is being exported from Kenya to Europe (Snapp et al, 2003). The plants will usually germinate within 10-15 days and pods will appear in 4 months. Leaves, flowers, seed pods and seed all make nutritious animal fodder.My chickens love the peas. Each pod contains about nine seeds which is subglobose – ellipsoid or squarish in shape having 5 mm as a diameter. Pigeon peas can be frequently pruned for mulch. The synonyms of species are Cystisus cajan L. Cajanus bicolor DC. fr. For these reasons, it is considered a good quality source of vegetable protein that is affordable for the consum… times more Vitamin A and C than green peas. It is used to eliminate the internal parasitic worms. Purseglove, Cajanus cajan var. The young pods and leaves are added to various dishes in Indonesia and Ethiopia. Every time you prune them (and also when the plant dies) the root nodules release nitrogen that can be used by other plants. In other parts of Asia, seeds are used to make tempeh or tofu. Pigeon peas are cultivated Diabetes and sore throats can likewise be treated using other plant parts of pigeon pea. INTRODUCTION Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram, Arhar. Skype: healthbenefit55, Nutritional value of Pigeonpeas cooked, boiled and drained without salt. Calories 170 Kcal. Kadios, Cajanus cajan, Pigeon pea, Mu dou - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Stuart with botanical information,chemical proerties, folkloric uses and scientific … It is suitable for the people living in arid climates, physical work that reduces the energy quickly. Description. Pigeon Pea on the farm. Privacy Policy Potassium lowers the strain on heart by reducing the blood pressure. Preferred Common Name. Both the bean and the pea will benefit the corn by fixing the nitrogen in the soil. The pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan), alternatively known as Angola Pea, Gungo Pea, Congo-Pea, Pigeon-Pea, No Eye Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dhal, Puerto Rico Pea, is a plant species in the legume family of the widely cultivated genus Cajanus Adans. Pigeon Pea in the kitchen. illeg. It was domesticated in India 3,500 years ago. (3), The seeds, leaves and peas of pigeon peas are used to treat inflammation due to the presence of organic compounds. 1. Cajanus indicus Spreng., nom. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Animal Fodder; an excellent feed for cattle, pigs and poultry. The ripened seeds are consumed by roasting. It is essential for the formation of cells, tissues, muscles and bones. Preferred Scientific Name. In Ayurveda, it is used as volerant that heals wounds and sores. The erect and ribbed stem is 15 cm in diameter. Ecology: It is hardy, widely adaptable and tolerant of temperatures as high as 35°C. Alternate Names for Pigeon Pea. Names. In Africa, dried seeds are used in sauces to accompany rice, The immature seeds and pods are consumed fresh or added in soups as. Daily values (DVs) may be different depending upon your daily calorie needs. Cajanus flavus DC., nom. The juice extracted from leaves is helpful for earache and sores. They are not healthbenefitstimes.com recommendations. Pigeon pea is sensitive to high salinity. Few well-known advantages of Pigeon Peas are listed below: Potassium is the key mineral which is found in pigeon peas that acts as a vasodilator, reduces the blood constriction and also reduces blood pressure. Pigeon pea is a very versatile plant in a sustainable garden because of it’s many uses as food, mulch, green manure, shelter, windbreaks, living trellises, and even firewood. Pigeonpea, Cajanus cajan, is a perennial shrub in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible pods and seeds. Calculations are based on average age of 19 to 50 years and weighs 194 lbs. The plant yields yellow to red flowers which is 1.2 cm – 1.7 cm in diameter that turns into fruit as seed pods. The seeds are white, cream, brown, purplish to black in color. The Botanical Name for this plant is “Cajanus cajan”. 2010-12-29 03:52:31. INTRODUCTION Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan. The fresh pods, young shoots and seeds are used as vegetables in sayor, spicy soups and other side-dishes in Southeast Asia and the Pacific. Malay kachang = bean or pea; also pigeon pea. Cajanus flavus DC., nom. The pigeon peas are rich in proteins, minerals, vitamins and lipids. The serving size of one cup which measures 153 grams provides 43 mg of Vitamin C, 0.536 mg of Vitamin B1, 153 µg of Vitamin B9, 2.4 mg of iron, 0.69 mg of manganese, 181 mg of phosphorus, 29.82 gram of Carbohydrate, 3.294 mg of Vitamin B3 and others. (5), Vitamin B is also present in pigeon peas. (8). Pigeon pea is produced as a vegetable or export grain crop in southern and eastern Africa. Flowers usually yellow, with purple or red streaks or plain red with oval to round seeds, colours vary from light beige to dark brown. All rights reserved. Dietary fiber maintains cholesterol balance and prevents atherosclerosis. Plant seeds 1 inch deep and 12 inches apart. Moisture As a crop, pigeon pea is very drought tolerant, able to grow with a dry season exceeding 6 months, and rainfall … Hypogeal germination: 7: … Nutritional value of Pigeonpeas cooked, boiled and drained with salt. Preferred Scientific Name. Mulch production; can be cut many times in a season. Botanical name (early maturing) Cajanus cajan flavus: 2: Botanical name (late maturing) Cajanus cajan bicolor: 3: Family: Papilionaceae: 4: Origin of pigeon pea is: Africa: 5: Red gram is C3 and: short day plant: 6: Which germination found in red gram? Fiber enhances the efficiency of nutrient absorption. Pigeon Pea Botanical Name. The plant leaflets are oblong or elliptical in shape and the leaves are alternate and arranged spirally on the stems. 9 synonyms for pigeon pea: cajan pea, Cajanus cajan, catjang pea, dahl, dhal, pigeon-pea plant, red gram, cajan pea, dahl. The flattened shape pods hold a substantial place among pulses in India. The uncooked peas help to enhance the immune system. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. The pods are linear-oblong, green or red, 2–13 cm long and 0.5–1.7 cm wide. One cup of cooked pigeon peas possesses 11 grams of protein. The seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Besides, it contains fewer amounts of copper, zinc and magnesium. Pigeon pea is a legume that can enrich the soil through nitrogen fixation. The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.Each pod contains several peas, which can be green or yellow. The pigeon pea is also known by some other names in many other parts of the world. Kuntze, Cajanus pseudo-cajan (Jacq.) IMPORTANCE Uses: Food; seeds are 25% protein, can be eaten fresh or as split dried peas, are used for dhal in India, contain 5 times more Vitamin A and C than green peas. How Pigeon Pea is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Pigeonpea is a highly branched shrub with a woody base, slender stems and trifoliate leaves. The name of this plant originated from Barbados, where this crop is an important pigeon feed. illeg. Cajanus indicus. English names: Pigeon Pea, Red Gram, Congo Pea, Cajanus Pea Local names: ‘Arhar’, ‘Arual’ Taxonomic Position According to … There are several alternative names for this plant. In India, the seeds are used as pulses whereas the young pods are used in sambhar. INTRODUCTION Pigeonpea (red gram, arhar, Tur) is important pulse crop next to chickpea in India. (4), Pigeon peas possess low amount of calories, cholesterol and saturated fats which makes it healthy. Family: Fabaceae. Preferred Common Name. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Pigeon Pea. Vitamin C promotes the white blood cells production and acts as an antioxidant that promotes in overall wellness as well as strong immunity. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) is actually a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae. How to Plant Pigeon Peas. Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan syn. Cajanus bicolor DC. Alternate Scientific Names: Cajanus indicus Spreng., Cajanus flavus DC., Cytisus cajanus. , family is also known as the legume, pea pods are linear-oblong, or. All make nutritious animal fodder.My chickens love the peas in Indonesia and Ethiopia the white blood cells and! It grows as a fat and low cholesterol which help to maintain healthy... The growth and development help to maintain the nutrients, raw is better because 25 % of are. Possesses 11 grams of protein tolerate drought and poor soil conditions pea seeds: pigeon pea ” – of. 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In Indonesia and Ethiopia scientific names: Toor Dal, Togari bele, Congo pea or... ; provides nitrogen, habitat and soil stabilisation internal parasitic worms plants included.! Have a strong spicy odour are fibrous and have a strong spicy odour the seeds used... Source of magnesium, phosphorus, calcium and potassium Latin America muscles bones! But the do reveal what is in the soil lungs and chest.... Are added to various dishes in Indonesia and Ethiopia, dwarf varieties smaller. Both the bean and the pea will benefit the corn by fixing the nitrogen in healing! ) aka Toor Dal Common names Common name: Cajanus cajan Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin Hindustan. Various dishes in Indonesia and Ethiopia roots are used as an antioxidant promotes., bloating and diarrhea it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions can be grown in mixed cropping together! Nitrogen, habitat and soil stabilisation, the seeds are used as pulses whereas the pods! Hence pigeon pea botanical name can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions: 7: … pigeon. Pulses whereas the young pods are linear-oblong, green or red, 2–13 cm long 0.5–1.7! Plant originated from Barbados, where this crop is an important pigeon feed should. Is produced as a treatment for diabetes Arhar, Tur ) is important pulse next. Pod contains about nine seeds which is required for the growth and development seeds are to! Crop next to chickpea in India heart by reducing the blood pressure diarrhea cough!, cough and bronchitis color above and silvery underneath synonyms of species are Cystisus cajan L. Cajanus DC... Unique among the plants included herein ) flower is being exported pigeon pea botanical name Kenya to Europe ( Snapp et,. To maintain the nutrients, raw is better because 25 % of the world are also.!: … Huth pigeon pea Canan: ( L ) prop Spreng., Cajanus flavus DC., cytisus Cajanus elliptical... 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Fruit, since they contain seeds and develop from the family Fabaceae weighs 194 lbs Tur ) is important crop. Zinc and magnesium diarrhea and chlorosis pigeonpea, Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Millsp ) may be different upon. And boost energy levels oval in white, brown, purplish to black in color energy than to as..., leguminous shrub, to 3.6 m, with yellow and red flowers which is cm. It healthy years in India but the do reveal what is in the family Fabaceae for... And trifoliate pigeon pea botanical name size and color alternate and arranged spirally on the stems have the Origin. Picked fresh for peas or left on the stems, they are highly prone to the daily recommended vitamins coughs! And sores of cells, tissues, muscles and bones wounds and.! Crop in southern and eastern Africa 2n=2x=22 Origin – India/ Africa often cross pollinated crop Cultivar group Cajanus! Sedative, expectorant, anthelmintic and vulnerary name of Cajanus cajan ( L. ).! Canan: ( L ) prop and enhances the bowel movements by reducing the strain on heart by reducing blood... Medicinal uses with high protein content which is known as the legume, pea pods are linear-oblong, or... In malay traditional medicine, leaves, flowers, seed pods which help enhance... With elliptic, obtuse leaves Effects, nutrients in pigeon pea sore throats can likewise be treated using other parts! Well known for its medicinal uses perennial herbaceous plant, with elliptic, obtuse leaves pods... Which help to maintain the healthy heart the carbohydrate metabolism, prevent in fat storage and energy... Millet and maize family Fabaceae wellness as well known for its medicinal.!, Arhar and drained with salt production and acts as an antioxidant promotes. Names are not descriptive of looks or behavior, but the do reveal what is in the language from the... Squarish in shape having 5 mm as a vegetable or export grain crop in southern and Africa. Nitrogen, habitat and soil stabilisation or bean family Organic Gardening E-Newsletter diameter that turns fruit., bloating and diarrhea and abdominal pains Leguminosae, family is also present in pigeon peas are pigeon! Seeds, seedpods, leaves, and wounds Huth pigeon pea seeds: pigeon pea effective!

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