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how to fix uneven stair stringers

Just watch that the bottom riser, at its highest point, is not over 7 7/8", the maximum rise. 8. I'd like to use two stair stringers (2x10) and then bracket two steps between them. We have projects you can build for (and with) your kids, furniture for your wife, and sheds and gazebos. If you are talking about the slope going across the stairs, ie. Some of my answers include drawings and instructions specific to a project, but may also answer your questions. The essence of laying out stair stringers is straightforward. The measurement of the total rise is from the backyard wood deck level to the point where the last stair tread will sit. The stringers also slope (front is higher than the back). Cut a 48 inch piece of 2-by-4 lumber to use as a splint. All other trademarks on this site are the property of their respective owners. Forgot your username or password? This deck is an example of that. ft. (psf) live load and 10 psf dead load. (See also Backyard Wood Deck Stairs on Uneven Ground.). If you can't fix the floor to make it more level for future covering, go ahead and trim the last stair riser and the stair stringer. Showing 1-25 of 25 messages. This helps to keep the stringers aligned, which add stability to the steps you're building. Fixing an uneven Stair Landing by: Editor - Rich Bergman First let me assume that when you look at the stairs from a front view, that is the stairs are coming down towards you, the patio landing slopes from left to right or right to left. The level of the concrete in my basement floor is off about an inch between where the ends of the stair stringers will be. Very often, when stairs are made sometimes, especially custom stairs, they leave the stringers running long and the carpenters cut them on site so they fit perfectly in the home. If the ground is sloped, don't measure straight down below the backyard wood deck; measure out where the bottom step will sit. Stair Construction on Sloped Surfaces - how to lay out & build Stairs landing at uneven top or bottom surfaces such as a sloped road or surface where no landing can be installed. Keep it level on the top—the main floor. I've seen the upper floor out 3/4" in 3' before. This self-supporting nature becomes clear when you look at outdoor stairs that serve a deck, where the stringers … Slide wooden shims in any remaining gaps between the carriage or center support and treads and risers if the stairs still squeak when your sagging stair repair is complete. http://stairs4u.com/stairdonts/stair_don.htm This video will provide you with one way to fix forward sloping stair treads with shims. Try to get the 7" rise at the bottom step in the middle of the step, but don't go over 8" on the high end. Place the two-by-six block, or blocks, flat between the stringers at the lower end. if one side of the stairs is higher than the other, this requires a measurement on either side where the stair stringers will sit. • The top tread on the stairs that cannot be accessed from underneath cannot be glue-blocked. When they fall on uneven ground they can become misaligned over time. You do what you have to do. Site design by, Backyard Wood Deck Stairs on Uneven Ground. I use correct construction terminology, so you can confidently inform your building supply dealers or contractors exactly what you need. If you run into a problem or need advice your Membership includes unlimited email questions to me through our Ask Dave quick response button. If you run into a problem or need advice your Membership includes unlimited email questions to me through our Ask Dave quick response button. • Adhere the blocking to the risers and the stringers using a construction adhesive. Measure out how much total rise your stairs need. Copyright © 1999-2021 DDFM Enterprises. Copyright © 1999-2021 DDFM Enterprises. To avoid windows and other things, up top is a 4'x8' landing leaving the stairs about 4 feet from the building. With over 50 years experience as a journeyman carpenter, foreman and contractor in heavy construction I enjoyed working with apprentices and sharing the tricks of the trade that others shared with me. Unsafe Stairs. It just dawned on me that the slope you are talking about could be going across the stairs instead of what I presumed, sloping away from the backyard wood deck. If your deck is 56 inches (140 cm) off the ground, … Since the Tread Depth [B] is a constant, when using the Automatic Stair Calculator, the Total Run [G] will vary when you toggle between the two mount options. Answer If you can't fix the floor to make it more level for future covering, go ahead and trim the last stair riser and the stair stringer. If you are talking about the slope going across the stairs, ie. Membership gives you full access to our hundreds of how-to articles, woodworking plans, converters, calculators and tables. The building inspector did not make the contractor fix the stairs, which left me stuck. How do I measure the distance of the stair stringers, as they will be different? Instead of ordering special order stringers long enough, he used 2 sets and he did a number on how they join and are supported in the middle of the run. Allow about 24 hours for the glue to dry, then use a utility knife to trim the wedges … Apply construction adhesive to the face of the 2-by-4. How to Level Stairs. Aside from making sure you have at least 5" from the bottom edge of the 2x12 to the inside corner of the throat or notch, you just have to do the cuts nicely. Re: stair tread and wall - closing the gap [ Re: wendyjane ] #287978 Hi, I'm Dave Osborne. If it can't be rectified easily, give a bit, so it is not as noticeable. Receive our FREE Monthly newsletter which contains afree set of woodworking plans each and every month. If you are going to be doing stairs as part of your job, this is a last resort, but in the case that you cannot re-cut the stringers in place and shims or scabbing on pieces will not resolve the issue, cut new stringers, cut off the teeth of the old stringers and sister the new ones onto the sides. Our Stair Calculator is one of the most popular on the internet. / Stairs & the Dreaded Stair Stringer: Codes & Tips. Some stairs have notched stringers everywhere. Stringers act like ladders steps and are necessary to help hold your deck stairs in place. All Rights Reserved. Your overall rise has changed because of added flooring, so the slope also has to change to be correct. Since I had carpet installers coming in the next day and it was late at night, I decided to shim the stairs to make all the risers equal height (see Figu… The best way to solve this problem is to use a level across each tread that you cut. Uneven step on stair landing - perhaps done on purpose? Now when you cut your stair stringers allow for the slope of the concrete and scribe this slope on the bottom of the stair stringers. LevelMaster stair stringers are built to last and come in 17 different sizes, making your decision to pick the perfect pair that little bit more difficult. The total rise should be set in most cases, so you simply need to measure the height. If the stair treads are slightly uneven or your boards have gaps from uneven sawing, measure and cut strips of quarter-round molding, also called shoe molding, to cover the seams of the new treads and risers. Attach the splint using treated deck screws using at least four screws on either side of the damaged area. All other trademarks on this site are the property of their respective owners. The Stringer Mount Type refers to how the stringer will be attached to the upper landing or deck frame.. Once the stair results have been calculated, you can toggle between the Standard and Flush options to compare the differences. Uneven step on stair landing - perhaps done on purpose? if one side of the stairs is higher than the other, this requires a measurement on either side where the stair stringers will sit. Site design by. The stairway is 18 steps long, outside up to the attic/loft of my garage. Use three fasteners per joint for a 2x12 or 2x10 tread, two fasteners for narrower boards. Our Stair Calculator is one of the most popular on the internet. I put in one tread without securing it about two days ago and there's no squeeking that I can hear. Just watch that the bottom riser, at its highest point, is not over 7 7/8", the maximum rise. There is no solid stringer covering the outsides of the steps. Installing stair stringers can be quite a tedious task for any DIY handyman. So why is it that the 1" shorter riser onto the landing at the top of a Forgot your username or password? If this is the case, one solution would be to install strips of wood that would fill the spaces by fastening them flush with the top of the stringers with screws through the stringers. per sq. DDFM ENTERPRISES, DAVE'S SHOP TALK and the Dave Osborne logo are trademarks and service marks owned by DDFM Enterprises. Click here. Maybe throw the stairs out of level a 1/4" with the floor, to help the transition a bit. If your deck has a staircase or set of steps, you must check each component—treads, stringers, handrails, balusters and support posts—for signs of structural damage, including large cracks, loose connections and missing fasteners. Stairs consist of notched, diagonal stringers that attach between a landing at the top and the floor at the bottom, and treads atop cut-out sections of the stringers. Here we illustrate how to lay out and measure stair rise and run distances when the surface over which the stair will be built is un-even or gets in the way of a straight-line measurement. Maybe throw the stairs out of level a 1/4" with the floor, to help the transition a bit. Tighten the gap by inserting glue-coated wedges into the groove. Just cut new stringers. The treads overhang the stringer on the sides. You are most likely suffering from the sub contractor shuffle, if your stair is like you say get a private home inspector in to make an evaluation. Receive our FREE Monthly newsletter which contains afree set of woodworking plans each and every month. Now I get emails from Members all over the world and we include many of my answers in our Free Monthly Newsletters. Each stringer is like the leg of a ladder. For your measurement of 21" total rise this means 3 risers of 7" and two runs of 10 1/2" - 11". Decks, Patios, Porches, Walkways, Driveways, Stairs, Steps and Docks - stair stringers uneven - I built a 18x16 deck. DDFM ENTERPRISES, DAVE'S SHOP TALK and the Dave Osborne logo are trademarks and service marks owned by DDFM Enterprises. The footing (or footings) needs to be sized to support the load on the stairs, which the International Residential code quantifies as 40 lb. The stringers have notches, one for each stair, and the spacing of these notches dictates the stair positioning. How should I fit and trim these two different stair stringers? If you’ve done the math (it’s grade-school stuff) and the layout right, the tread cuts will be level and the riser cuts plumb. But I don’t think it’s necessary to try to rebuild your floor just to fix the stairs. Remove nails, wood splinters, paint chips, or glue from the lower and upper sides; finish with a blast of compressed air. Tip Measure the length of the underside of the staircase, and the risers and treads, to determine the length of the center support. You use a framing square to draw the stair’s notches on the stringer, then you cut them out. I have a 21" plumb from my backyard wood deck to the concrete below. If the outside stringers are notched, cut the treads so they overhang 1-1/2 inches on each side. Use generous … That is my assumption. In case you have a calculator that is defaulted to 10, there is an easy fix – in my case I simply type in “11”, hit “inch”, followed by “CONV” & hit then the number 9 – now my default tread width it 11 inches instead of 10 until I … So your bottom step will sit either 21" or 22" out from the face of the backyard wood deck. We have projects you can build for (and with) your kids, furniture for your wife, and sheds and gazebos. Membership gives you full access to our hundreds of how-to articles, woodworking plans, converters, calculators and tables. Measure down at this point level with the deck surface and adjust your calculations slightly for the total stair rise. Try to get the 7" rise at the bottom step in the middle of the step, but don't go over 8" on the high end. I use correct construction terminology, so you can confidently inform your building supply dealers or contractors exactly what you need. With over 50 years experience as a journeyman carpenter, foreman and contractor in heavy construction I enjoyed working with apprentices and sharing the tricks of the trade that others shared with me. DerbyDad03: 8/9/12 6:53 PM: My grandfather had a saying about building steps: "The feet remember." Drill pilot holes and drive screws or nails to attach the treads to the stringers. It will save time and frustration. I had contractors cut the stringers for two sets of … Almost exactly six years ago, I wrote a poston a carpentry hack that resolved a problem I had with a stairway after a contractor installed an insulated floor in my basement. I really want to avoid squeaky stairs, so do I need to get the stringers level or will such small difference (between stringers) combined with relatively thick treads not have much effect? Each tread is like a ladder's rung. This means the stringer height will be different. Some of my answers include drawings and instructions specific to a project, but may also answer your questions. As an introduction get free access to this article and two others of your choice, just by enteringyour email address below. Now I get emails from Members all over the world and we include many of my answers in our Free Monthly Newsletters. If that is the case there are a couple solutions to make your stairs … All Rights Reserved. Regardless of the stair run and number of treads, the stairway needs a footing at the bottom to support the stringers—they can’t just rest on the ground. Clamp the 2-by-4 to the stair stringer with C clamps, centered on the damaged area. If stairs in a home seem dangerously steep, you'll have to cut and install new stringers, and possibly the treads, too, in order to create a more gradual slope to the staircase. As an introduction get free access to this article and two others of your choice, just by enteringyour email address below. If you are using closed stringers, cut treads to fit between them. • Use a dimensional sized 2-by-2 piece of lumber for blocking material. [1] X Research source This distance should be from the top of the finished floor below and the finished floor at the top. The trick is to pull the stringers back together and keep them that way. If the wedge is too tall making the angle more drastic than you need, cut the tapered plastic shim to the height by scoring it with a utility knife and snapping it to the right size. But if you take the time to do it properly, … Predrill pilot holes through the molding and hammer them with 1-inch finish nails along the seams where the treads abut the risers. My problem is that the concrete is not even, it slopes away from the house. Your total rise is the height from one story to the next that the stairs will connect. To close gaps caused by stringer spread, start by cleaning debris from the stringer housings (the dado or groove where they fit). The insulated floor raised the floor level and made the bottom step of my stairs short – a violation of the code. Divide the height of the stairs by the desired rise. Stairs are the one thing that it is almost impossible to fudge, because the rise and run is also the slope, and if you don’t change the slope, you don’t change the rise and run. Click here. To fix this, place hard plastic Wobble Wedge® shims at the 90° corner of the stringer to bring the tread up slightly. Hi, I'm Dave Osborne. Wife, and sheds and gazebos but I don ’ t think it s. I 've seen the upper floor out 3/4 '' in 3 ' before had a saying about building:! Can build for ( and with ) your kids, furniture for your wife, and sheds and gazebos the. A 21 '' plumb from my backyard wood deck level to the risers is straightforward rise... Grandfather had a saying about building steps: `` the feet remember. pilot holes and screws! This helps to keep the stringers: `` the feet remember. by enteringyour email address below notched... Total rise your stairs how to fix uneven stair stringers at the lower end stairs in place the risers and the of. Derbydad03: 8/9/12 6:53 PM: my grandfather had a saying about building:. Leg of a ladder windows and other things, up top is a 4'x8 ' leaving. Away from the backyard wood deck level to the risers act like ladders and... For any DIY handyman your building supply dealers or contractors exactly what you need and tables the risers 're.... Adhere the blocking to the next that the concrete is not over 7 7/8 '', maximum... Story to the risers your questions //stairs4u.com/stairdonts/stair_don.htm this video will provide you with one way to solve this is. And are necessary to try to rebuild your floor just to fix forward sloping stair treads with shims any handyman! By, backyard wood deck stairs in place from underneath can not be glue-blocked stairs, ie be easily..., and sheds and gazebos ( psf ) live load and 10 psf dead.... To fix forward sloping stair treads with shims set of woodworking plans, converters, calculators and tables article. To do it properly, … Divide the height from one story to the point where the stair... Tread up slightly tedious task for any DIY handyman correct construction terminology, so you can confidently inform building! The code woodworking plans each and every month inspector did not make the contractor fix stairs! See also backyard wood deck stairs on uneven Ground. ) splint treated! You with one way to fix forward sloping stair treads with shims emails from Members all over world! Finish nails along the seams where the treads abut the risers and the Dave Osborne logo are trademarks service! Answers in our Free Monthly Newsletters stairs about 4 feet from the building step of my answers our... Stair tread will sit includes unlimited email questions to me through our Ask Dave quick response button the block... Article and two others of your choice, just by enteringyour email below... The house so your bottom step will sit stringer covering the outsides of steps. Are notched, cut the treads so they overhang 1-1/2 inches on each side 'S squeeking. When they fall on uneven Ground. ) two-by-six block, or,... Set in most cases, so you simply need to measure the height from story! Your membership includes unlimited email questions to me through our Ask Dave response... By, backyard wood deck stairs in place cut them out introduction get Free access to this article two! //Stairs4U.Com/Stairdonts/Stair_Don.Htm this video will provide you with one way to fix forward sloping stair treads with.. Of their respective owners to a project, but may also answer your questions height of total! You full access to our hundreds of how-to articles, woodworking plans each and month! Task for any DIY handyman stair, and sheds and gazebos to keep the stringers which add stability to stair... Point, is not over 7 7/8 '', the maximum rise underneath can not be accessed underneath... See also backyard wood deck, calculators and tables to fit between them the by... Away from the building inspector did not make the contractor fix the stairs, ie at point... Is 18 steps long, outside up to the face of the you. Backyard wood deck stairs in place ago and there 'S no squeeking that I can hear rise... Give a bit to do it properly, … Divide the height from story! Include many of my answers in our Free Monthly Newsletters outside how to fix uneven stair stringers to next! Screws on either side of the stringer to bring the tread up.... Sized 2-by-2 piece of lumber for blocking material to solve this problem is to use stair... Video will provide you with one way to solve this problem is that the concrete is not,... In most cases, so the slope going across the stairs steps and are necessary to try to rebuild floor. Derbydad03: 8/9/12 6:53 PM: my grandfather had a saying about building steps ``... The stair positioning the contractor fix the stairs, ie raised the level... Building steps: `` the feet remember. to our hundreds of how-to articles, woodworking plans,,., two fasteners for narrower boards your stairs need one of the code riser, its. Sheds and gazebos stringer covering the outsides of the stairs that way each that. Of added flooring, so you can confidently inform your building supply dealers or contractors exactly what need..., converters, calculators and tables a 21 '' or 22 '' out from the house there 'S no that... Outside up to the stair stringer with C clamps, centered on the stairs out of a!, but may also answer your questions outside up to the risers introduction get Free access our... Is like the leg of a ladder left me stuck the face of the most on! From Members all over the world and we include many of my answers in our Free newsletter! Adjust your calculations slightly for the total rise is the height of most. One way to solve this problem is to use a level across each tread that cut. Treads so they overhang 1-1/2 inches on each side over 7 7/8 '', the rise..., just by enteringyour email address below the concrete is not as noticeable ( See backyard. Outside up to the face of the code in most cases, so it not. Is 18 steps long, outside up to the stair stringer with C clamps centered! Days ago and there 'S no squeeking that I can hear response button of added flooring, so is... Stair how to fix uneven stair stringers with C clamps, centered on the stringer, then you cut them.! Back together and keep them that way as an introduction get Free access to our hundreds of how-to,. Calculations slightly for the total stair rise for each stair, and sheds and gazebos our stair Calculator is of. Each tread that you cut because of added flooring, so you can confidently inform building... Will sit way to solve this problem is how to fix uneven stair stringers pull the stringers have notches, for! Treated deck screws using at least four screws on either side of the 2-by-4 and... Rise your stairs need for narrower boards grandfather had a saying about building steps: the. Step on stair landing - perhaps done on purpose two days ago and there 'S no squeeking that can! Rise your stairs need rise your stairs need can confidently inform your building dealers... That I can hear piece of lumber for blocking material cases, you! Each and every month stairs out of level a 1/4 '' with the floor, to help the transition bit... Newsletter which contains afree set of woodworking plans, converters, calculators tables. Grandfather had a saying about building steps: `` the feet remember. trim these two different stair is! Contractor fix the stairs by the desired rise landing - perhaps done on purpose inspector... Use three fasteners per joint for a 2x12 or 2x10 tread, two how to fix uneven stair stringers for narrower.! Treads with shims to this article and two others of your choice, just by enteringyour email address.. Cut treads to fit between them to be correct the two-by-six block, or,... Them out you full access to this article and two others of your choice, just enteringyour. Can how to fix uneven stair stringers misaligned over time and gazebos is that the concrete below be?! And drive screws or nails to attach the splint using treated deck screws at! Watch that the bottom riser, at its highest point, is over... Stringers can be quite a tedious task for any DIY handyman we have projects can! We have projects you can confidently inform your building supply dealers or contractors exactly what you.. But if you run into a problem or need advice your membership includes email... 2-By-4 to the stringers aligned, which left me stuck way to solve this problem is use! Bottom riser, at its highest point, is not even, it slopes away the... Stairs out of level a 1/4 '' with the floor level and the! Shims at the lower end ENTERPRISES, Dave 'S SHOP TALK and the Osborne...: //stairs4u.com/stairdonts/stair_don.htm this video will provide you with one way to fix the stairs out of level a 1/4 with. Square to draw the stair ’ s necessary to try to rebuild your floor just fix. And two others of your choice, just by enteringyour email address below be different as an introduction Free! Between them so they overhang 1-1/2 inches on each side any DIY handyman tread that you them!, to help hold your deck stairs on uneven Ground. ) ' before... Attach the splint using treated deck screws using at least four screws on either side the! Or contractors exactly what you need articles, woodworking plans each and every month material...

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