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importance of cowpea

It was the most commonly cultivated bean used for human consumption in the Old World (Allen and Allen, 1981). COWPEA 1. Striga is the most important parasitic plant on cowpea and it can choke the growth of the plant at all stages and nematodes prevent the roots from absorbing nutrients and water from the soil. is an important grain legume, a major staple food crop for household nutrition in sub-Saharan Africa, especially in the dry savanna regions of Nigeria. Cowpea is a type of crop that is very susceptible to a range of pests and diseases. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is widely cultivated across the world.Due to its symbiotic nitrogen fixation capability and many agronomically important traits, such as tolerance to low rainfall and low fertilization requirements, as well as its high nutrition and health benefits, cowpea is an important legume crop, especially in many semi-arid countries. According to Tignegre (2010) and Batieno (2014), the low adoption rate for new INTRODUCTION • Botanical name :Vigna unguiculata (L) • Family : Fabaceae • Annual herbaceous crop Commonly called as black eyed pea,, China pea, marble pea Well developed tap root system • Origin : Central Africa or India COWPEA SUBMITTED BY M. Vinekar RAM /16-07. Cowpea is an important grain legume in Africa, parts of the Americas and in Asia. as a food crop in tropical and subtropical regions, especially in West Africa (Rachie, 1973; R.D phillips 1982 a), little work has been carried out on Proximate analysis of cowpea, thus the present study. The following write-up details about Cowpea farming techniques, tips, ideas and cultivation practices.. Cowpea Farming. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) Cowpea or black-eyed pea (Phaseolus Aureus) is a certain type of bean, which have a little oval structure with black eye on it. In Africa, about 98% of the crop is sown intermixed with sorghum and millets, while it may also be grown in rotation with maize or cotton. Aims and Objectives of the Study The importance of cowpea Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. 2. It is suitable for sub-Saharan Africa due to its ability to grow in adverse climatic conditions where other legumes cannot flourish well. The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. Beyond Africa Cowpea is an important crop in some tropical American countries, especially in northeastern Brazil. Land Preparation The fodder is an important animal feed during : Cowpea has been a staple crop and important protein source for many cultures since the Roman Empire. security and income. Despite the importance of cowpea (Vigna unguculata L. Green cowpea seeds are boiled as a fresh vegetable, or may be canned or frozen. Islam et al. Young leaves, green pods, and green seeds are used as vegetables, and dry seeds are used in various food preparations [9]. Dried seeds are consumed after cooking. Cowpea is a warm weather crop which grows at temperatures between 20c to 30c. It is the most important pulse crop, particularly in regions with low rainfall. (2006) emphasized that all parts of the plant used as food are nutritious providing protein and vitamins, immature pods and peas Despite its importance, its yields are very low due to several constraints including Though it is widely popular for its nice flavor and taste, … Cowpea is a type of bean, which is lengthy and green in colour. Cowpeas have high amounts of dietary fibre, which can cleanse your stomach and free it from the unnecessary bulk. Cowpea is one of the most important and widely cultivated legumes in the world particularly in Africa (Verdcourt 1970). What is considered essential part of the plant in cowpea would be determined by the intended end use of the plant. Cowpea is a warm weather and drought resistant crop. Cowpea was cultivated in West Africa before 5-6 thousand years. The attributes of Cowpea The trading of seeds and processed foods from cowpea provides both urban and rural opportunities for earning regular income. Cowpeas are added in the cuisines of South Indian. Cowpea plays an important role in the traditional diets in many regions of the world, especially Asia, Africa, and South America, which include most of the world's developing countries. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp) is grain legume originated in the African continent with large economic and social importance in the developing world. The base temperature for germination is 8,5 °C and for leaf growth 20 °C. Green, immature cowpea pods are harvested and sold in local markets for consumption as a vegetable. ... and raffinose synthase) actively participate in the reorganization of cowpea molecular physiology under the applied stress. Cowpea can be used at all stages of growth as a vegetable crop. CLIMATIC REQUIREMENTS Temperature Cowpeas grow best during summer. Immature snapped pods are used in the same way as snapbeans, often being mixed with other foods. 7. The primary aim of this research - to improve the knowledge about the potential importance of P. brachyurus on cowpea in Brazil – was achieved though experiments developed under controlled conditions, which demonstrated that P. brachyurus actually is pathogenic and affected significantly the growth of cowpea plant. It plays an important role in human nutrition, food security, and income generation for both farmers and food vendors in the region. Iron (Fe) is an essential micronutrient for plants and for humans, and it is a constituent of a number of important macromolecules, including those involved in respiration, photosynthesis, DNA synthesis, and metabolism (Briat, 2011). In culinary traditions, cowpeas were important complementary dietary items to traditional grain-based meals, as they are packed with protein. It is also rich in potassium and provides calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin pantothenic acid and vitamins A, C and B6. Thomas Jefferson is credited with first using the name cowpea. Cowpeas were transported via ships that carried distressed slaves to the Caribbean Basin. Introduction and Importance of Cowpea: Cowpea crop is a Kharif legume crop and is grown across India for seeds, green pods, animal fodder, and organic green manure. ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF COWPEA WEEVIL ORAL PRESENTATION BY: JACKSON NYARKO, MPHIL (ENTOMOLOGY), UCC SCOPE INTRODUCTION THE COWPEA THE COWPEA WEEVIL IMPORTANCE OF BEAN BEETLE CONCLUSION INTRODUCTION Sep. 27, 2010 — A long neglected crop with the potential to halt hunger for millions in Africa, sustain the livestock revolution underway in developing countries, … et al. While the beans are the primary focus of the cowpea plant, the leaves, pea pods, and green peas are also edible and can deliver a powerful burst of nutrients and minerals to the human body. Cowpea is of major importance to the livelihoods of millions of people in less developed countries of the tropics. The earliest records of cowpea use date back to Jamaica around 1675, its use in America has been dated back to 1714 around Florida. Cowpea also has different seed coat colors such as black, red, and cream. Cowpea is of major importance to the livelihoods of millions of relatively poor people in less developed countries of the tropics (FAO, 2002). Roman writers such as Pliny referred to it as phaseolus. [5] estimated that eight million hectare are in … The seeds can be consumed fresh along with the pods and leaves as a vegetable. The plant can be used as a forage or for hay or silage. Cowpea market participation increased food expenditure by 1.6% and household income by 0.7% with a 10 unit increase in the quantity of cow-pea sold. Cowpea Farming – A Step by Step Guide. … Cowpea also known as Vigna unguiculata is a legume of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae. Walp.) Aphids ( Aphis craccivora Koch) are an important vegetative stage pest of cowpea in Africa. It is consumed in many forms. M.Shravan RAM /16-03. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp.) Sandy to clay loam soil and well drained with a pH of 6-7 Cowpea are highly sensitive to water logging. Out of the 12.5 million hectare cultivated to cowpea worldwide, Singh . The tender green leaves are an important food source in Africa and are prepared as a pot herb, like spinach. Cowpea, popularly known as blackeye pea, is an important grain legume in South Africa and many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa. Cowpea is an important legume crop in the dry savannas of Africa, especially West Africa. Importance of inositols and their derivatives in cowpea under root dehydration: An omics perspective. History. Cowpea is an annual or biannual grain legume ranked among the topmost important legumes in the world, second in Africa and third in Kenya [1, 2]. Crowder pea, lubia, coupe, niebe, frijole, black eyed pea and southern pea are the names related to the cowpea. We also found that selling The pods of these beans are called Lobia or Cowpeas. Walp.) The cowpea plant can thrive in many conditions and can grow in various weather conditions. is an important food legume and an integral part of traditional cropping systems in the semi-arid regions of the tropics.The estimated worldwide area under cowpea is about 14 million ha of which West Africa alone accounts for about 9.3 million ha with annual production of about 2.9 Mt. Cowpea is of vital importance to the livelihood of several million of people in east and central Africa [4]. It is usually grown as an intercrop with the major cereals, namely millet and sorghum. People consume cowpea … Cowpea can be grown on a wide range of soil, from predominantly sandy loam to clay ranging from acidic to basic (pH 4.5 - 8.0). A number of the plant parts could be important, i.e. ... Another important benefit of eating cowpeas is its natural detoxifying properties. It can withstand heat better than most other legumes, but not cold or frost. It can be of various species like red, creamy white, black, brown, and so on. Cowpea seeds are an important source of protein in the diet of many rural and urban Nigerians. In the USA, where “black eye peas” is a heritage crop, there is considerable cowpea production; California, Texas, Arkansas and the southeastern states yielding 20,000 tons a year. Cowpea is used as the fodder for livestock or animals. These results underscore the importance of cowpea market participation for household food security and income improvement. seed, young leaves or seed and pod. The development of new varieties in Burkina Faso is basically ensured by INERA, which is a public institution. 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