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italian heavy cruisers

[3], In late September, the Italian fleet, including Pola, made a sweep for a British troop convoy from Alexandria to Malta, but it made no contact with the British ships. [3] On 7 March 1939, Pola and her sisterships sortied from Taranto to intercept a squadron of Republican warships—three cruisers and eight destroyers—attempting to reach the Black Sea. Italian heavy cruisers Bolzano, Trento, Fiume, Zara, Pola, and Gorizia a day before the Battle of Punta Stilo. [3], At Italy's entrance into the Second World War on 10 June 1940, Pola was assigned as the flagship of Admiral Riccardo Paladini, commander of the 2nd Squadron, which also included the three Trento-class cruisers in the 2nd Division, three light cruisers in the 7th Division, and seventeen destroyers. Bolzano was built by the Gio. Unfortunatly, 3 of the 4 units were sunk during the Cape Matapan battle in march 1941. The Spanish commander refused and instead steamed to Bizerte in French Tunisia, where his ships were interned. All of the ships were officially built to the limitations imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, namely a standard displacement of 10,000 long tons (10,000 t) and an armament of 203-millimeter (8.0 in) main guns, though they all exceeded the displacement limit. Built between 1934 and 1942, they were the most modern battleships used by Italy during World War II. The Zara class was a group of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina in the late 1920s and the early 1930s. 13,944 to 14,330 long tons (14,168 to 14,560, The number and type of the primary armament, The dates work began and finished on the ship and its ultimate fate, 4 shafts, Parsons turbines, 36 knots, 150,000. Pola was built as a flagship with a larger conning tower … Gorizia was the fourth and final member of the Zara class of heavy cruisers to be built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the 1930s. The heavier armament was composed by 8 203mm guns. The Regia Marina had initially intended to build six cruisers, which would operate as two three-ship divisions, but Pola of the Zara class was used as the fleet flagship while the Conte di Cavour-classbattleships were being rebuilt, so a seventh ship was ordered. She was lightly damaged at Calabria and she engaged the British battlecruiser Renown at Cape Spartivento, though neither vessel scored any hits. Les meilleures offres pour Trumpeter: Italian Heavy Cruiser Zara in 1:350 [9365347] sont sur eBay Comparez les prix et les spécificités des produits neufs et … https://www.naval-encyclopedia.com/ww2/Italy/trento-class-cruisers [3], The Italian fleet made another attempt to intercept a British convoy in the eastern Mediterranean south of Crete in late March. Three of the Zaras—Zara, Fiume, and Pola—were sunk in a close-range night action with British battleships at the Battle of Cape Matapan in 1941, Trento was torpedoed and sunk by British forces in June 1942, and Bolzano was badly damaged by a British submarine in August 1942, which left her out of action for the rest of the war. maquette bateau Italian Heavy Cruiser Fiume TRUMPETER 05348 1/350ème maquette char promo Also, it’s the only injection moulded kit of an Italian cruiser of WW2, so for that reason alone, I had to build it. She had a crew of 841 officers and enlisted men. Angelo Iachino was an Italian admiral during World War II. The Italian Royal Navy (Regia Marina) operated one of largest cruiser forces of World War II.As a signatory to the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty, the Regia Marina immediately attempted to reinforce its treaty-limited battleship force by building seven large 10,000-ton heavy cruisers. On 22 June 1944, Italian frogmen used Chariot manned torpedoes to enter the harbor and sink Gorizia, though Gorizia survived the attack. The Italian ships were ordered not to open fire but merely to try to impede the progress of the Spanish ships and force them to dock at Augusta, Sicily. Vittorio Veneto was the second member of the Littorio-class battleship that served in the Italian Regia Marina during World War II. Carlo Cattaneo was an Italian admiral during World War II. Trieste was very lightly armored, with only a 70 mm (2.8 in) thick armored belt, though she possessed a high speed and heavy armament of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) guns. [1], Pola, named for the eponymous city seized by Italy after World War I, was laid down at the Odero-Terni-Orlando shipyard in Livorno on 17 March 1931 and was launched on 5 December that year. [3] Another attempt to intercept a British convoy in late November resulted in the Battle of Cape Spartivento. She was built by OTO at La Spezia and named after Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, an Italian explorer and Admiral of World War I. Giuseppe Garibaldi was an Italian Duca degli Abruzzi-class light cruiser, that served in the Regia Marina during World War II. [7] On 6 July, Pola and the rest of the 2nd Squadron escorted a convoy bound for North Africa; the following day, Italian reconnaissance reported a British cruiser squadron to have arrived in Malta. The battle occurred 30 miles to the east of Punta Stilo, Calabria, on 9 July 1940. During the latter engagement she briefly battled the British cruiser HMS Berwick. The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class, was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy. Anti-aircraft defense was provided by a battery of sixteen 100 mm (4 in) 47-cal. They carried the same main battery of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) guns and had a maximum speed of 32 knots. The design requirements for the new vessel reverted to those adopted for the Trentos, as the senior leaders of the navy continued to believe that speed was more important than armor. Italian Heavy Cruisers of WWII : Author: Steve Wiper, Gordon Hogg: Series: Warship Pictorial » Volume: Nr. Noté /5. The Pola was a Zara-class heavy cruiser of the Italian Regia Marina operating during the Second World War. Giovanni Bausan(1883) - Sold 1920 2. To accomplish these goals, the high command permitted the designers to exceed the 10,000-ton limit, and instructed them to adopt as many weight-saving changes as possible. Trento was the first of two Trento-class cruisers; they were the first heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina. In the meantime, Trento was also present during the inconclusive First and Second Battles of Sirte. guns and eight 13.2 mm (0.52 in) guns were installed in their place. guns in twin mounts, four Vickers-Terni 40 mm/39 guns in single mounts and eight 12.7 mm (0.50 in) guns in twin mounts. Discussing the recently announced British Heavy Cruisers and 8.10's Italian Commander Collection. She was the third of four ships in the class, which also included Zara, Fiume, and Gorizia. She returned to Taranto on 13 February, and she joined Zara and Fiume for extensive maneuvers off Taranto on 11–17 March. Plastic Model is an area of baus in which models built to mainly made from plastic (now most commonly polystyrene). Two days later, the Italian battleships briefly clashed with the British Mediterranean Fleet in an inconclusive action off Calabria. The ship's keel was laid down in October 1934, launched in July 1937, and readied for service with the Italian fleet by August 1940. The battleships Conte di Cavour and Giulio Cesare provided distant support. Pola returned to Gaeta on 4 October. Armed with a main battery of eight 8-inch (200 … Etna class 2.1. While the ship was moored in La Maddalena on 10 April 1943, a major attack from United States Army Air Forces heavy bombers sank Trieste and hit Gorizia with three bombs, inflicting serious damage. She was the last of four ships in this class (Zara, Fiume e Gorizia were the other three), built in the Odero Terni Orlando shipyard in Livorno in 1930 she entered service in 1932. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Named for the town of Gorizia, the ship was laid down at the OTO Livorno shipyard in March 1930, was launched in December that year and was commissioned into the fleet in December 1931. [3], Pola went on a short cruise to Italian Libya on 10–12 March 1937, with Mussolini and Prince Luigi Amedeo aboard. [15] Two bombs hit the ship, both amidships on the port side. Aviere ("Airman") was one of seventeen Soldati-class destroyers, built for the Regia Marina in the late 1930s and early 1940s. For most of the daytime engagement, Pola and the rest of the 3rd Division were stationed on the disengaged side of the Italian fleet, and so did not see action during this phase. [1], Pola was armed with a main battery of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) Mod 29 53-caliber guns in four gun turrets. [1] [2], After Italy entered World War II in June 1940, Trento and Trieste saw extensive action against British forces in the Mediterranean Sea, including at the battles of Calabria, Cape Spartivento, and Cape Matapan in July and November 1940 and March 1941, respectively. Designed the Italian heavy cruiser Zara in the game Ultimate Admiral: Dreadnoughts. Nominally built under the restrictions of the Washington Naval Treaty, the two cruisers nevertheless exceeded the displacement limits imposed by the treaty. The Italian naval high command requested that the proposed cruisers have a very high top speed of 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph); the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty limited the standard displacement of new cruisers to 10,000 long tons (10,160 t) and their main armament to 203 mm (8 in) guns. The ship took part in the Battle of Cape Matapan in late March 1941. [3] In November 1941, Trieste was torpedoed by the submarine HMS Utmost; she spent most of the next year under repair. Bolzano was a unique heavy cruiser, sometimes considered to be a member of the Trento class, built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the early 1930s, the last vessel of the type to be built by Italy. [1][2], Pola's secondary battery was revised several times during her career. This is usually Antriebslose stand to models where develop an interest in more lying on a high level of detail to be seen to be believed of strength or functional, with those can also to be played. The Italian Zara Class of four heavy cruisers served during the Second World War. The ship spent the 1930s conducting training cruises in the Mediterranean Sea, participating in naval reviews held for foreign dignitaries, and serving as the flagship of the Cruiser Division. Among the best-protected heavy cruisers built by any navy in the 1930s, the heavy armor was acquired only by violating the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty, which limited cruiser displacement to 10,000 long tons (10,160 t). Pola was built as a flagship with a larger conning tower to accommodate an admiral's staff. He was killed in the Battle of Cape Matapan. Though nominally built under the restrictions of the Washington Naval Treaty, the two cruisers significantly exceeded the displacement limits imposed by the treaty. On 3 September 1936 she left Gaeta, bound for Spanish waters; she thereafter began a non-intervention patrol during the Spanish Civil War. They advocated a more balanced design that would incorporate more comprehensive armor, while retaining the battery of eight 203 mm guns and a speed of at least 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph). From 10 September to 3 October, she was stationed in Palma de Mallorca to safeguard Italian interests there. Zara was a heavy cruiser built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy), the lead ship of the Zara class.Named after the Italian city of Zara (now Zadar, Croatia), the ship was built at the Odero-Terni-Orlando shipyard beginning with her keel laying in July 1928, launching in April 1930, and commissioning in October 1931. Striking a near perfect balance of mobility, protection and firepower, the Italian Zara-class heavy cruisers are considered to be among the best ships of their class at the time of their construction. Stromboli(1886) - Sold 1907 2.4. Italian heavy cruisers took part in the Battles of Calabria, Taranto, Cape Spartivento, Cape Matapan, First and Second Sirte between 1940 and 1943. Luigi di Savoia Duca Degli Abruzzi was an Italian Duca degli Abruzzi-class light cruiser, which served in the Regia Marina during World War II. Two 120 mm (4.7 in) 15-cal. They were perhaps the finest … Trento was very lightly armored, with only a 70 mm (2.8 in) thick armored belt, though she possessed a high speed and heavy armament of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) guns. She was the third of four ships in the class, which also included Zara, Fiume, and Gorizia. Fitting-out work proceeded quickly, and the new cruiser entered service just over a year later on 21 December 1932. [21] The British fleet, centered on the battleships Valiant, Warspite, and Barham, was at this point only 50 nmi (93 km; 58 mi) away. United States heavy bombers raided La Maddalena in April 1943, sinking Trieste and badly damaging Gorizia; the latter vessel and Bolzano were later attacked by Italian commandos while Italy was under German occupation in 1944 to prevent the Germans from repairing and reactivating them. My main sources of reference were plans and a booklet from Profile Morskie and ”Italian heavy cruisers of WW2” from Warship pictorials. your own Pins on Pinterest The Italian naval high command therefore ordered several other cruisers and destroyers from the 1st Squadron to join the escort for the convoy. Like her sisters, she was armed with a battery of eight 203-millimeter (8.0 in) guns and was capable of a top speed of 32 knots. She was built in the Odero-Terni-Orlando shipyard in Livorno in the early 1930s and entered service in 1932. Discover (and save!) Construction began in the 1920s as part of the Regia Marina’s plan to construct six heavy cruisers. Les meilleures offres pour Trumpeter 1:350 Italian Heavy Cruiser Fiume sont sur eBay Comparez les prix et les spécificités des produits neufs et d'occasion Pleins d'articles en livraison gratuite! She was the third of four ships in the class, which also included Zara, Fiume, and Gorizia. A flotilla of British destroyers rushed to the scene, first discovering the abandoned Zara, which was still afloat; she was torpedoed and sunk by the destroyer Jervis. [9] [10], By 1928, the Italian navy had begun rebuilding the Conte di Cavour-classbattleships, and as a result, Pola was completed with an enlarged bridge so she could temporarily serve as the fleet flagship. The class was composed of four ships—Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero—but only the first three ships of the class were completed. Like her sisters, she was armed with a battery of eight 203-millimeter (8.0 in) guns and was capable of a top speed of 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph). 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